God did not create the universe, says Hawking

God did not create the universe and the “Big Bang” was an inevitable consequence of the laws of physics, the eminent British theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking argues in a new book.

There is no place for God in theories on the creation of the Universe, the physicist and mathematician Professor Stephen Hawking has said.

He had previously argued that belief in a creator was not incompatible with science – but in a new book The Grand Design, he concludes that the Big Bang was an inevitable consequence of the laws of physics.

In “The Grand Design”, co-authored with U.S. physicist Leonard Mlodinow, Hawking says a new series of theories made a creator of the universe redundant, according to the Times newspaper which published extracts on Thursday.

British physicist Stephen Hawking says God was not necessary for the creation of the universe, just as Charles Darwin eliminated the necessity of God from biology.

In an exclusive interview, the science monthly Eureka of The Times of London released Thursday excerpts from Hawking’s new book “The Grand Design.” He asks the question “Did the Universe need a creator?” in a book whose title seems to imply the intelligent design theory.

Hawking`s answer? No. He says the Big Bang was the inevitable result of the laws of physics, not something explained by the hand of God or coincidence.

“Because there is a law such as gravity, the universe can and will create itself from nothing. Spontaneous creation is the reason there is something rather than nothing, why the universe exists, why we exist,” Hawking writes.

“It is not necessary to invoke God to light the blue touch paper and set the universe going.”

Hawking, 68, who won global recognition with his 1988 book “A Brief History of Time”, an account of the origins of the universe, is renowned for his work on black holes, cosmology and quantum gravity.

Since 1974, the scientist has worked on marrying the two cornerstones of modern physics — Albert Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, which concerns gravity and large-scale phenomena, and quantum theory, which covers subatomic particles.

His latest comments suggest he has broken away from previous views he has expressed on religion. Previously, he wrote that the laws of physics meant it was simply not necessary to believe that God had intervened in the Big Bang.

His new book breaks from his previous views on religion expressed in his 1988 bestseller “A Brief History of Time.” . Back then, he said God could co-exist with a scientific explanation of the universe/

He wrote in A Brief History … “If we discover a complete theory, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason — for then we should know the mind of God.”

In his latest book, he said the 1992 discovery of a planet orbiting another star other than the Sun helped deconstruct the view of the father of physics Isaac Newton that the universe could not have arisen out of chaos but was created by God.

“That makes the coincidences of our planetary conditions — the single Sun, the lucky combination of Earth-Sun distance and solar mass, far less remarkable, and far less compelling evidence that the Earth was carefully designed just to please us human beings. Not just other planets like the earth, other universes may exist,” he said.

Hawking, who is only able to speak through a computer-generated voice synthesiser, has a neuro muscular dystrophy that has progressed over the years and left him almost completely paralysed.

He began suffering the disease in his early 20s but went on to establish himself as one of the world’s leading scientific authorities, and has also made guest appearances in “Star Trek” and the cartoons “Futurama” and “The Simpsons”.

Last year he announced he was stepping down as Cambridge University’s Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, a position once held by Newton and one he had held since 1979.

“The Grand Design” is due to go on sale next week (September 9, 2010), just a week before Pope Benedict’s visit to Britain.

The revelation of Mr. Hawking’s views has encountered refutations from the side of religious heads. The spiritual head of Britain’s largest synagogue body, Rabbi Jonathan Henry Sacks, said that there is a mutual hostility between religion and science, which is damaging to both sides.

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3 Responses to "God did not create the universe, says Hawking"

  1. Anonymous says:

    Who is Hawking? A crippled scientist..this is what you get if you do not beleive God? God not human like us,… something big and powerful.. we are like ants in universe.. how we know why goes on,,,

    Atheist are demons who not think or respect God.. too arogrant.. science makes people too proud and forget their creator.. no worry …they meet God when they die…

    All holy books have written what science finds later on.. and scientists take ideas from them and say they disovere them.. Bah!!

    • Anonymous says:

      Such a comment against Mr. Hawking is uncalled for. His thought and analysis has opened new vistas for the thought process of the entire mankind. May Mr. Hawking not be treated; as mankind did to Galileo, who was offered a bowl of poison for his new idea that “the earth revolves around the sun”.

      Mr. Alam, lets pray to God, to give him good health.

  2. Anonymous says:

    Mr.hawking is correct. Theist can,t understood this because mostly they are not scientific and can,t think toomuch. they all are passing there life in a darkness like god. I thanks to great hawking and says he is the god because he know that how uni verse create and all about creation.

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